By | Alienation, Child Abuse, Co-Parenting, Custody and Conservatorship, Divorce, Trial Issues

It’s a given – as parents we want what is best for our child.  I’m a parent, and I believe I am the ONLY person who knows what my kids needs and what is best for them (we won’t talk about the fact that my “children” are 28 and 24 – that’s a completely different topic.)

I’m Right and You’re Wrong

When parents can’t agree because they each have different beliefs about what is right and best for their child, the Judge makes decisions for them and for the child.   Ironically, at that point, both parents lose complete control of the situation because a third party (the Judge) is going to make decisions regarding their child.

So, how does a judge, who has never met you, your spouse, or your child decide what is best?  What does a judge look at when making rulings about conservatorship, possession, and support?   (Let me assure you that most, if not all, of the Judges I know are thoughtful, concerned, well-intentioned, knowledgeable, and extremely smart.   Although I may disagree with a ruling, in my experience each Judge makes decisions after listening closely to the evidence and carefully considering what is best for the child.)

Facts vs. Beliefs/Feelings

You are not going to like this, but there is a difference between feelings/beliefs and facts.   Fact – your child failed English.  Feeling – mother is to blame for the child failing English.  When you say you are “right” and he is “wrong” – you are expressing your feeling and not a fact.   I know this is horribly distasteful, but the distinction is important.

Feeling Becomes a Fact

Each case is different, but part of your lawyer’s job is to help you convince the Judge that your feelings are fact and that you know what is best for your child.  You do so by introducing evidence which supports your feeling.

The “fact” is your child failed English.  You “feel” it is Mom’s fault the child failed English.   To prove your feeling is a fact, you introduce the following hypothetical evidence:

  • English is the child’s first class of the day
  • Child was late to school many times and sometimes entirely missed the first class of the day
  • Mother took the child to school each day
  • Mother did not respond to the teacher’s numerous emails about the child not turning in work and falling asleep in class.
  • Mother allows the child to set his own bedtime and does not check on the child to see that he is asleep

Gold Standard – Best Interest of the Child

The best interest of the child is the guiding principal behind and the standard for making decisions regarding a child.  After hearing the evidence and observing the witnesses, the Judge makes decisions which best provide for and foster the child’s happiness, security, mental health, and emotional development under the facts of that particular case.  In Texas, generally, it is in the child’s best interest to have a good relationship with and frequent contact with both parents.

Evidence of Best Interest

The Court looks at many factors in deciding what is in the child’s best interest.    In my opinion the following absolutely is not an exhaustive list, but does contain some of the evidence a Court may consider in making decisions about the best interest of the child:

  • Emotional, educational, medical, physical, and basic needs of the child – which parent is better able to identify, understand and meet those needs (which are different and change depending upon the age of the child)
  • Stability – which parent has been the primary caretaker of the child. Courts want the children to be affected as minimally as possible by divorce.
  • Safety – is domestic abuse present? Does either parent use alcohol to excess or drugs while in possession of the child?   Does either parent allow the child to be in the presence of a registered sex offender or a person who uses drugs?  Does either parent operate a motor vehicle while intoxicated while the child is passenger in the vehicle?
  • Mental and physical health of the parent – Does either parent have mental or physical health issue which affects his ability to care for the child?
  • Emotional Ties – What is the relationship between the child and each of her parents? Why does the child not want to spend time with her father?
  • Alienating Tactics – does one parent talk about the litigation with the child? Does one parent share details of an affair which led to the breakup of the marital relationship?   Does one parent say derogatory things about the other parent to the child?   Does one parent hide the child from the other parent?
  • Child’s Wishes – what does the child want? This factor is extremely dicey and should be approached with great caution and finesse.  When the child is asked about his or her desires, the child is placed in the middle and is required to choose between parents.   Moreover, although children are very smart, they do not understand adult situations and are not able to comprehend what is in their best interest.   The age and maturity of the child are huge components of this factor.

Cost of Being Right

In closing, the general consensus is that usually a child’s best interests are best served when parents are able to work together and make joint decisions for the child.   This is not because Judges are not capable, but because in a trial each parent’s goal is to prove “I am right, and you are wrong.”  To prove he or she is right, each parent is going to sling a lot of mud at the other, which will increase the animosity, anger, and hostility between them. Parents spend years resolving these emotions, which invariably trickle down to your child, and your child will most likely suffer as a result. With this in mind, I encourage you to think carefully before you back yourself into the righteous corner, put on your gloves, and come out swinging.





By | Child Support, Co-Parenting, Custody and Conservatorship, Divorce, Marital Property Division, Trial Issues

We have all heard the expression that “Rome wasn’t built in a day.”   Well unfortunately, that adage holds true for your divorce or lawsuit pertaining to your child.

In Texas, a divorce cannot be granted until at least the 60th day after the Petition for Divorce was filed.  (Do not expect that your divorce is going to be final on the 60th day because that almost never happens.)

The time span between the date of the filing of the Petition for Divorce and the date the Final Decree of Divorce is signed can range from a few months to a few years.  Often parties to the lawsuit are unable to agree about how life will look during this in-between-time.   So, the Texas Family Code allows parties to request a hearing on temporary orders and gives the Court the authority to grant temporary orders.   Temporary orders generally address issues related to children and property and can also enjoin parties from doing certain things.

Each spouse has an obligation to support the other spouse for so long as the parties are married.   With that in mind, we often see provisions in temporary orders that do not carry forward into a Final Decree of Divorce.

Temporary Orders is a big topic which encompasses a lot of information.   For that reason, I am going  to talk about various issues  in separate blogs and videos.  This particular blog/video provides general information which lays the framework for the following blogs and videos.

Temporary Orders for Issues Relating to Children:

The issues related to children which can be addressed by temporary orders include, but are not limited to:

  • Conservatorship
  • Possession
  • Child Support
  • Medical Support
  • Appointment of Attorney Ad Litem or Amicus Attorney for the child
  • Drug and alcohol testing
  • Appointment of various experts, such as psychologists, psychiatrists, educational diagnosticians
  • Child Custody Evaluation
  • Social Studies

Temporary Orders for Issues Related to Property:

The issues related to property which can be addressed by temporary orders include, but are not limited to:

  • Temporary award of marital residence
  • Temporary award of personal property
    • Cars
    • Personal items
    • Bank Accounts
    • Livestock
  • Temporary award of management of businesses
  • Temporary payment of debts
    • Mortgage
    • Car Payment
    • Living expenses
    • Insurance
    • Credit Cards and other unsecured debt
    • Temporary Spousal Support


The Court can also issue Injunctions.  An injunction is an order which prohibits a person from doing a certain act. During a divorce, the purpose of the standard injunctions is to maintain the status quo and to preserve the community estate by prohibit parties from hiding and squandering assets.    Injunctions can also protect children and parties from harassing behavior.

Before I go to court for a hearing on temporary orders, I need information from my client to properly prepare and also to use as evidence at the hearing, which I will talk about in my next video.

Remember that good results take time and patience is a virtue.


By | Unsolicited Opinions, Wellness

WARNING: This blog may be a bit long, but please read the whole thing slowly.

Effects of Sheltering in Place

My younger friends, who have children, have expressed they are very stressed and feel like failures. Lately, I been very critical of myself. I have repeatedly chastised myself for what I perceive to my gross inefficiency – it took me 3 weeks to reorganize my home office/yoga space – REALLY?.

Overnight, the world has shifted, but our expectations for ourselves and others have not budged. We still think we can and must do it all, which is not only ridiculous, but impossible.

Our responsibilities have shot through the roof, but each day is still only 24 hours long. Take a look at what is really happening in our lives as we shelter in place. All at once, without a break, while trapped in our homes we are:

1. Working from home
2. Caring for children
3. Educating our children
4. Spending way more time with our significant others
5. Cooking
6. Zooming
7. Spending more time cleaning because our houses are dirtier because we are home 24/7
8. Doing laundry
9. (Trying to find time to finish “Tiger King”)
10. Taking care of pets
12. Mowing the yard
14. Etc……..

Perfection is HOGWASH

Growing up, I was expected to be “perfect.” An A- on a report card was unacceptable; in fact, nothing was good enough. These expectations became deeply rooted in me and became a part of everything I did. As an adult, a well-intentioned friend once told me I was a juggler and I need to make sure none of the balls ever dropped. This advice fed my unending quest for perfection. Then, a tiny seed was planted by one of my mentors, Susan Paquet. Susan was an amazingly wonderful person and a highly respected attorney. She told me that sometimes you do not have to do an A+++++ job, it’s okay to perform at a B- or C level. WOW!!! What a concept.

As my life continued, perfection became more difficult to achieve, and my search for perfection left me very anxious, stressed out, and exhausted. Then, I found yoga (or maybe yoga found me.)* My yoga practice continues to be an experience through which I learn new and more effective life skills. All of which means, I am now calmer, happier, and more productive. Yoga may not be your answer, but my point is that if I can change, you can change.

Forming New Beliefs

Each of can make our lives easier now and post COVID19 by slowly changing what we believe. Based upon my personal experiences, recognizing and accepting the following truths will help us to shift:

1. We have created unrealistic and unattainable expectations for ourselves and others.

2. Because we are the ones who have created these ridiculous expectations, we have the power to replace them with more realistic and healthy goals.

3. With the idea that you will not accomplish everything on the list, each day, on an actual piece of paper, write out a to-do list. The list will help you prioritize and to feel confident you have not forgotten anything. Crossing out items on the list is rewarding.

4. We will never be perfect.

5. We all make mistakes all time, which is okay.

6. Mistakes are an opportunity to learn.

7. Feel grateful.

8. Stop judging and criticizing yourself and others.

9. Be gentle with yourself and others.

10. Recognize your accomplishments several times a day. For example – tell yourself “I made a great lunch for the family today.”

11. Things are not good or bad – they just are.

Importance of Quiet Minds

I am able to hear God when my mind is quiet. Needless to say, I have learned some awesome things during these times. For me, quieting my mind is like cleaning my house – I get rid of useless junk and make space to listen and to receive Divine information.
Our brains become clogged and stay on hyperdrive because we are busily trying to accomplish our unrealistic goals. We cannot focus, and we become stressed and inefficient, which leads to more stress. So, an important component of changing our beliefs is to quiet our minds.

Quieting our Minds

Meditation helps me to focus and to feel better. I encourage you to google “meditation” to learn the positive effects of meditation and different meditations you can try.

Breathing is another tool I use to quiet my mind. I know that throughout the day, when I become overwhelmed, I can calm my body and clear my mind by taking a few moments to 1) breathe slowly and deeply and 2) to focus on my breath.

The following are some suggestions for breathing which can be done anywhere at any time:

1. Slow and Deep Breathing

a. Close your eyes
b. Start by inhaling deeply through your nose and exhaling an open mouth.
c. When you are breathing, concentrate on your breath – on the inhale picture your breath travelling up from your belly to your lungs and on the exhale picture your breath going down from your lungs to your belly.
d. On the inhale, your belly should expand and on the exhale your belly should contract.
e. A double exhale is very calming.

2. 4-7-8 Breath

a. Close your eyes
b. Inhale for 4 counts
c. Hold for 7 counts
d. Exhale for 8 counts
e. Repeat 8+ times

3. Alternate-nostril breathing.

a. See https://chopra.com/articles/nadi-shodhana-how-to-practice-alternate-nostril-breathing for instructions

Finally, please remember you cannot take care of other people unless you take care of yourself first.

* www.indrasgrace.com


By | Estate Planning

“BE PREPARED!”   My brother was an Eagle Scout, and I heard that phrase many times. As an uber planner, I’m all over preparation.  But, even procrastinators need to plan for the future (like when you about to have a medical procedure or are ill or when there’s a world pandemic).

NEWS FLASH – having a plan gives us control and when we have control, we feel better.      A little preparation also helps our family and friends.   The “little preparation” I suggest is to have a Statutory Durable Power of Attorney, a Medical Power of Attorney, and a Directive to Physician.

I have personal experience with the benefits these documents provide because my mother signed these documents.  When she was no longer able to make decisions for herself, these documents made caring for my mother much easier and less stressful.

  1. Statutory Durable Power of Attorney is a written document in which you give someone the authority to conduct business on your behalf – banking, paying bills, dealing with health insurance, Social Security, Medicaid, and Medicare issues, etc….
  2. Health Care Power of Attorney is a written document, prepared by an attorney, in which you give a trusted person the authority to make medical decisions on your behalf.      The medical decisions this person makes cannot contradict your Directive to Physician.
  3. Directive to Physician  is a written document in which you decide whether to be put on life support in the event you become terminally ill.    This document is different from a DNR (Do Not Resuscitate Order).   A DNR is an instruction to health care providers not to do CPR if your breathing stops or if your heart stops beating.

What happens if you become incapacitated (i.e. unable to make decisions and/or to care for yourself) and you do not have these documents?   Most likely, a family member will have to hire an attorney and request that the Court appoint a guardian for you.   That process is very expensive and time consuming.

So, to quote Tony Rea – “Being prepared is about anticipating what comes next and getting ready for it.   If there is a barrier to the next step or some action that needs to happen, it’s you who has to make sure it does.”